Kingdom of Macedon "Philip II" 359-336 BC Life Time NGC AU 5x4
The murder of Philip II occurred on October 336BC at the ancient capital of the Kingdom of Macedon (Aegae). The court had gathered there for the celebration of the marriage between Alexander I of Epirus and Philips daughter (by his 4th wife – Cleopatra Olympias. The king entered (unprotected) into the town's theater where he was killed by Pausanias of Orestis, one of his 7 bodyguards. The assassin immediately tried to escape and reach his friend who was waiting for him with horses at the entrance of Aegae. He was pursued by 3 other of Philip's bodyguards and tripped on a vine and died by the bodyguards hands. The speculations are many as to why Pausanias assassinated King Philip II and really only one contemporary account, which was written by Aristotle (who was also Alexander the Great personally tutor since he was 13 yrs. Old, Alexander was there that day in the theater and witnessed his father's death). Many feel that Cleopatra (Philips II's 4 wife) was at least associated with the planned assassination as she placed a crown at the assassins corpse and ordered annual sacrifices to the memory of Pausanias. She (Olympias, Cleopatra) also feared that her son would not gain the throne since Philip II had recently married Eurydice (his own niece) and her son would of succeeded upon his death if he had become of age. * My opinion, his 4th wife Cleopatra arranged the assassin to protect her son Alexander III rights to the Kingdom.